Learn how to protect yourself and those around you through the safety tips provided below.
Child Passenger Safety Statistics & Fact Sheet
- Prevention- Child safety seats reduce the risk of death in passenger cars by 71% for infants and by 54% for toddlers ages 1 to 4 years.
- The Problem- In the United States during 2005, approximately 1,300 children ages 14 years and younger died as occupants in motor vehicle crashes, and approximately 184,000 were injured. That’s an average of 4 deaths and 504 injuries each day.
- Risk Factors- 1 out of 4 occupant deaths among children ages 0 to 14 years involved a drinking driver. More than 2/3 of these fatally injured children were riding with a drinking driver.
BFFR does not offer car seat installation or inspection.
Here is a link to Colorado Department of Transportation that provides information on where you can go to get your car seat professionally inspected.
FIRE SAFETY IN THE KITCHEN
Cooking fires are the number one cause of home fires and fire-related injuries in the home.* Whether you're preparing a meal or making a quick snack, practicing safe cooking in the kitchen can help keep members of your household safe.
PRACTICE SAFE COOKING
- Never leave your stove unattended while cooking. Stay in the kitchen while you're frying, grilling, boiling or broiling food. If you have to leave the room—even for just a moment—turn off the stove.
- Keep your cooking area free of combustible materials. Keep anything that can catch fire, such as food packaging, oven mitts and towels, away from your stovetop.
- Create a kid-free zone. Create a space of at least three feet around your stove and other areas where hot food is prepared.
- Turn pot handles toward the back of the stove. This way, they can’t be bumped into and children can’t grab them.
- Keep a fire extinguisher nearby. Make sure you have the correct type of extinguisher and know how to properly use it.
- Keep cooking equipment clean. Crumbs in a toaster, built-up grease on the stovetop, and excess dust behind your appliances are fire hazards.
- Wear short, close-fitting, or tightly rolled sleeves. Loose clothing can catch fire if it comes in contact with a gas flame or electric burner.
- Never throw hot grease in the garbage. Let grease cool before disposing of it in the garbage. Never pour grease or oil down the drain.
- Avoid using kitchen appliances if you're sleepy or have consumed alcohol.
- All electrical cords should be in good condition and not frayed or cut
- Keep appliances dry and away from water at all times
- Make sure all outlets have outlet covers that children can’t remove
- Battery-powered candles are now available and are safe to use
- Have at least one fire extinguisher in the home and learn how and when to use it
- Have a professional check and clean furnaces, chimneys and wood burning stoves annually
- Make a fire escape plan with your family, ensuring everyone has two ways out of their bedroom and there is a meeting place outside of the home. Practice it at least twice a year
- Never leave candles unattended or on low surfaces where a child can reach and burn themselves or start a fire
- Space heaters need space-allow at least three feet of clearance around a space heater. Turn it off when leaving the room or going to sleep
- Store candles, matches and lighters out of sight of children in a locked cabinet
- Teach how to stop, drop, cover your face and roll if your clothes catch on fire
Install Carbon Monoxide Detectors
- Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless deadly gas that can kill you or your family and is the leading cause of accidental poisoning deaths in the United States. It is present in low levels in the air and is formed from incomplete combustion from any flame-fueled devices, including furnaces, clothes dryers, fireplaces, water heaters, ovens and vehicles.
- Install a CO detector on every floor of your home, preferably near sleeping areas.
Install Smoke Detectors
- Do not place smoke detectors in kitchens or garages, where fumes from cooking and cars, may set them off.
- If your smoke detectors are more than 10 years old, replace them.
- Make sure the smoke detectors you buy are safety tested by a laboratory-these will have letters on the box such as: UL, ETL or CSA.
- Make sure there is a smoke detector on every floor in your home, especially where there are bedrooms. If feasible, put a smoke detector inside of every bedroom.
- Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors save lives. Studies have shown that when working smoke detectors are installed, the chances of dying from a fire are cut in half.
- Test the batteries in the detector monthly and plan on replacing them when you change your clocks in the fall or hear a chirping sound.
- Food cooked in the microwave can be very hot. Wear oven mitts when taking off a lid or cover, and always test the food before giving it to children.
- Keep children away from hot stoves and ovens. Turn pot handles in and toward the back of the stove where children can’t reach and pull it down.
- Never leave food unattended on the stove-cooking is the number one cause of home fires. The reason is that people start to cook something on the stove and forget it’s there.
Prevent Burns and Scalds in the Kitchen:
- Place objects so that they cannot be pulled down or knocked over.
- Turn pot handles away from stove's edge.
- Use dry oven mits or potholders. Hot cookware can not heat moisture in a pot holder or hot pad, resulting in a scald burn.
- Wear short, close-fitting clothes or tightly rolled sleeves when cooking.
- Have a "kid-free zone" of at least 3 feet around the stove.
General first aid for burns and scalds:
- Treat burn right away by putting it in cool water. Cool the burn for three to five minutes.
- Cover burn with clean, dry cloth. Do not apply creams, ointments, sprays or other home remedies.
- Remove all clothing, diapers, jewelry, and metal from burned area. These can hide underlying burns and retain heat, which can increase skin damage.
Seasonal Safety Tips
With summer around the corner and warmer temperatures already here, we would like to share some tips about exposure to the sun. Especially at altitude, the sun’s rays shine through the thin air and cloud cover easier. The sun’s rays are also strongest in the summertime.
Everyone needs some sun exposure, since it is our primary source of Vitamin D. However, it is now well known that exposure to sun puts people at risk for skin cancer and premature aging and that most of that exposure comes during childhood (80% of a person’s lifetime sun exposure occurs before they are 21). Regular use of sunscreen in children can lower their risk of skin cancer by almost 78%.
There are many sunscreens available for safe use in children over six months old. Pick one that offers UVA and UVB protection and that has a SPF of 15 or higher (especially if your child has light skin). Apply the sunscreen in a thick coat at least 30-45 minutes before going outside and reapply every two hours (or more often in he is swimming or perspiring heavily).
Tips to Protect Your Child From the Sun
- Consider using a sunscreen with ingredients (such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) that physically block the sun’s radiation if your child has sensitive skin. Some sunscreen products, labeled “broad spectrum”, protect against two types of radiation: UVA and UVB. Scientists now believe that both UVA and UVB can damage the skin and lead to skin cancer.
- DEET lowers the effectiveness of sunscreens, so use a higher SPF if you are using a combination product that has both a sunscreen and an insect repellent.
- Limit exposure to the sun when it is at its strongest (10am-4pm). Avoid the sun when the UV Index is high in your area.
- Protect your child’s eyes with sunglasses that protect against UVA and UVB radiation.
- Sunscreens should not be used on babies younger than six months because their bodies may not be developed enough to handle sunscreen chemicals. Instead, use hats, clothing and shading to protect young babies from the sun. Check with your pediatrician if you think your baby may need a sunscreen.
- Use sunscreen daily, even if it is cloudy, since most of the sun’s radiation penetrates clouds and can still cause sunburn. Don’t be fooled by cloudy skies, which block only as much as 20% of UV radiation.
- Wear protective clothing, including a hat and long sleeve shirt and long pants. Keep in mind that most clothing only has a SPF of 5-9, so you can still get sun damage with a shirt on.
STOP, DROP & ROLL
If fire gets on your clothes, it can cause serious burn injuries to your skin. That's why we all need to be very careful when we’re around fire sources like matches, lighters and candles. If your clothes do catch on fire, it's important to act quickly to extinguish the fire and minimize the burn injury.
HOW TO STOP, DROP & ROLL
If fire gets on your clothes, stay calm and quickly perform "stop, drop and roll."
- ⬤ Stop: Stop where you are and stay calm. Don’t run or wave your arms. Fire needs air to burn just like people need air to breathe. So if you run or panic, it will create more air and the fire can spread more quickly.
- ⬤ Drop: Quickly drop to the ground, lay flat with your legs straight, and cover your eyes and mouth with your hands. Don’t worry about trying to find a good place on the floor; drop where you are.
- ⬤ Roll: With your face still covered, roll over completely, back and forth, until the flames are smothered. Don't worry about the type of ground surface you're on (carpet, concrete, grass, rug, etc.), just roll.
- Cool: After the fire is out, cool any minor burns by running them under cold water for at least 10-15 minutes. Afterwards, cover any burns with sterile bandages or seek medical treatment.
- Call 9-1-1: If you have a severe burn, seek medical attention right away by calling 9-1-1.
While fire can be a scary experience, education and practice are the best tools you have for handling a fire. Practice "stop, drop and roll" with your friends and family at least twice a year and add it to your home escape plan. The more you practice, the better prepared you’ll be to help yourself or a friend.
Remember, do not perform this procedure if you just get a burn or if you hear a smoke alarm. If your home catches on fire, you should get out as quickly as possible and call 9-1-1.
HOW TO STOP, DROP & ROLL IN A MOBILITY DEVICE
If you use a wheelchair, scooter, or other mobility device and you are able to get to the floor, quickly lock your mobility device and get on the floor to roll until the flames are out. If you cannot make it to the floor, use a blanket or towel to help you or others smother the flames. Consider mounting a small personal extinguisher in an accessible place if you know that you will not be able to perform "stop, drop and roll."
The Ready, Set, Go! or (RSG) program was established by the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) to assist home owners in preparing for a potential evacuation of their home in the event of a natural disaster or Wildfire.
Black Forest Fire Rescue is an active member of the program and can provide information and education in preparing for this situation. Below is a link to the EL Paso County Sheriffs Office RSG page for additional information.
The links below are for the Ready, Set, Go program and will help you prepare for an evactuation.